Ceramike - Background Information

Leach Pottery, St. Ives - Standard Ware

Leach Pottery - Small Z bowl Leach Pottery - Willow tree plate Bernard Leach - Brush pot

When I visited St. Ives in September 2008 I made my usual pilgrimage to the Leach Pottery. It was good to see the new kilns and the place had more of a feel of a working pottery than when it opened earlier in the year. I talked to Lead Potter Jack Doherty who told me that two young potters had recently joined and will be starting work on what is hoped will eventually become a new range of standard ware.

 

As many of you will know, the old Leach Pottery produced a range standard ware for many years. It was way back in the late 1930s that Bernard and David Leach started work on a range of domestic pots for everyday use. They were made to specific sizes from measured amounts of clay and became known as Leach Pottery Standard Ware. Catalogues were issued and the range stayed in production until Janet Leach decided to stop production after Bernard's death in 1979. Examples of the pots turn up regularly on Ebay and the antique and flea market circuit.

 

Like many other people I have built up a small collection of pieces and I though it would be interesting to build up an archive of images and with the help of 1946 and 1952 catalogues, show the prices of the pots. I have included a calculated relative value in 2008 for those of you who wonder if 12s 6d was expensive for a milk jug in early post-war times, a note at the bottom of the page explains how these relative values have been calculated.

 

The 1952 catalogue includes a number of new pots notably the elements of a celadon tea set. A number of other sets made up of combinations of individual standard ware pots were also available. These are shown below the list of individual pots.

 

I am hoping that some of you will be able to send in images of Standard Ware pots that I can include in this archive.

 

This page is under development so please chec back later to see what has been added!

Cat. No

Pot

Description

Size in Inches

1946 Price

1952 Price

 2008 Relative Value
(see below)

1

Egg baker

 Egg baker or ramekin

3½ x 1½

1s 8d

(9p)

2s 6d

(13p)

 £4.32

2

Flat butter dish

 Flat butter dish

6 x 1

2s 3d

(11.5p)

3s 6p

(18p)

 £5.28

3

 Plain glazed egg cup

1¾ x 1¾

1s 6d

(8p)

2s 0d

(10p)

 £3.20

4

Decorated egg cup

 Decorated egg cup

1¾ x 1¾

2s 3p

(11.5p)

2s 6d

(13p)

 £5.52

6

Egg baker tray or bread plate

 Egg baker tray or bread plate

9 x 1

7s 6d

(38p)

10s 0d

(50p)

 £18.24

7

Plain glazed beaker

 Plain glazed beaker

3¼ x 3¾

3s 0d

(15p)

4s 0d

(20p)

 £7.20

8

Handed decorated beaker

 Handed decorated beaker

3½ x 3¾

4s 3d

921.5p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £8.60

9

Shallow decorate glazed bowl

 Shallow decorated glazed bowl

6 x 1

5s 0d

(25p)

10s 0d

(50p)

 £12.00

10

Small decorated porringer

 Small decorated porringer

5½ x 3

6s 0d

(30p)

7s 6d

(38p)

 £14.40

11

Large decorated porringer

 Large decorated porringer

9 x 4

15s 6d

(77.5p)

£1 0s 0d

(£1)

 £37.20

13

Open porcelain sal pot

 Open porcelain salt pot

2¾ x 1

1s 8d

(9p)

2s 6d

(13p)

 £4.32

14

Porcelain pepper pot

 Porcelain pepper pot

1½ x 2¾

3s 3d

(16.5p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £7.92

15

Porcelain lidded mustard pot

 Porcelain lidded mustard pot

2 x 2

3s 3d

(16.5p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £7.92

19

Porcelain shallow salt pot

 Porcelain shallow salt pot

3 x 1

2s 6d

(12.5p)

2s 6d

(12.5p)

 £6.00

21

Small glazed cream jug

 Small glazed cream jug

2¼ x 3

3s 6d

(18p)

4s 0d

(20p)

 £8.64

22

Small waisted jug

 Small waisted jug

3 x 3¾

4s 0d

(20p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £9.60

23

Awaiting Image

 Small decorated cream jug

2¼ x 3

3s 6d

(18p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £8.64

24

Small squat jug

 Small squat jug

3¼ x 3

4s 0d

(20p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £9.60

25

Medium pitcher jug

 Medium pitcher jug

1 pint

6s 0d

(30p)

7s 6d

(38p)

 £14.40

26

Glazed lemonade jug

 Glazed lemonade jug

2 pints

11s 0d

(55p)

14s 0d

(70p)

£26.40

28

Large glazed milk jug

 Large glazed milk jug

2½ pints

12s 6d

(62.5p)

17s 6d

(88p)

 £30.00

31

Decorated lidded pot

4 x 4¾

N/A

10s 0d

(50p)

 

32

Lidded porcelain jam pot

 Lidded porcelain jam pot

3 x 3

7s 0d

(35p)

10s 0d

(50p)

  £16.80

33

Awaiting Image

 Small decorated cake dish

6¼ x 1¼

5s 6d

(28p)

7s 6d

(38p)

 £13.44

34

Large decorated cake dish

 Large decorated cake dish

10½ x 1¾

10s 0d

(50p)

£1 5s 0d

(£1.25p

 £24.00

35

Medium cake dish

 Medium cake dish

7½ x 1½

8s 0d

(40p)

10s 0d

(50p)

 £19.20

37

Large lidded stewpot

 Large lidded stewpot

3 pints

12s 6d

(63p)

15s 0d

(75p)

 £30.24

38

Small beer tankard

 Small beer tankard

½ pint

4s 6d

(23p)

6s 0d

(30p)

 £11.04

39

Large beer tankard

 Large beer tankard

1 pint

7s 0d

(35p)

9s 0d

(45p)

 £16.80

40

Glazed honey bowl

 Glazed honey bowl

3 x 3

4s 0d

(20p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £9.60

41

Glazed tea bowl

 Glazed tea bowl

4¾ x 3¾

5s 6d

(28p)

Made

to

Order

 £13.44

43

Glazed open jam pot

 Glazed open jam pot

2¼ x 2¼

2s 6d

(12.5p)

3s 0d

(15p)

 £6.00

44

Wine bottle

 Wine bottle

2½ pints

N/A

18s 0d

(90p)

 

45

Wine cup

 Wine Cup

2½ x 2½

N/A

4s 0d

(20p)

 

46

Awaiting Image

 Coronation Mug

1 pint

N/A

12s 6d

(63p)

 

49

Awaiting Image

 Glazed and lidded coffee jug

1½ pints

N/A

12s 6d

(63p)

 

50

Lidded soup jug

 Lidded soup jug

2½ pints

9s 0d

(45p)

12s 6d

(63p)

 £21.60

50A

Glazed lidded coffee jug

 Glazed lidded coffee jug

2½ pints

12s 0d

(60p)

15s 0d

(75p)

 £28.80

51

Hors d''Oeuvre set

 Hors d'Oeuvre set

22 x 5

18s 0d

(90p)

£1 5s 0d

(£1.25)

 £43.20

54

Lidded soup bowl

 Lidded soup bowl

½ pint

4s 9d

(24.5p)

6s 0d

(30p)

 £11.76

55

 Open soup bowl

 Open soup bowl

½ pint

3s 0d

(15p)

4s 6d

(23p)

 £7.20

57

Individual butter dish

 Individual butter dish

3½ x 1¾

1s 4d

(7p)

2s 0d

(10p)

 £3.36

58

Large fruit bowl

 Large fruit bowl

11 x 3¾

£1 2s 0d

(£1.10)

Made

to

Order

 £52.80

59

Awaiting Image

 Tall jug

3 pints

N/A

£2 0s 0d

(£2)

 

60

Awaiting Image

 Mug to match tall jug

½ pint
N?a

10s 0d

(60p)

 

63

Lidded ration pot

 Lidded butter ration pot

4 x 2½

3s 6d

(18p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £8.64

64

Lidded porcelain dish

 Lidded porcelain dish

6 x 2¾

9s 0d

(45p)

12s 6d

(63p)

 £21.60

73

Small lidded stewpot with lugs

 Small lidded stewpot with lugs

2 pints

9s 0d

(45p)

10s 0d

(50p)

 £21.60

77

Small lidded casserole with handle

 Small lidded casserole with handle

1¾ pints

6s 6d

(33p)

8s 6d

(43p)

£15.84

78

Larger lidded casserole

 Larger lidded casserole

2 pints

10s 0d

(50p)

12s 6d

(63p)

 £24.00

81

Large general bowl

 Large general bowl

10 x 3½

12s 0d

(60p)

12s 6d

(63p)

 £28.80

82

General purpose bowl

 General purpose bowl

5¾ x 2¾

3s 3d

(16.5p)

5s 0d

(25p)

 £7.92

83

General purpose plate

 General purpose plate

6 x 1¼

2s 6d

(13p)

3s 0d

(!5p)

 £6.24

84

Lidded vegetable dish

 Lidded vegetable dish

7 x 5¼

9s 0d

(45p)

12s 0d

(60p)

 £21.60

85

Lidded vegetable dish

 Teapot, engraved oak leaf

---

N/A

£1 15s 0d

(1.75p)

 

86

Awaiting Image

 Hot water jug, lidded

---

N/A

15s 0d

(75p)

 

87

Awaiting Image

 Milk Jug

---

N/A

10s 0d

(50p)

 

88

Awaiting Image

 Sugar or slop basin, engraved

---

N/A

7s 6d

(38p)

 

89

Awaiting Image

 Large cake plate, engraved

---

N/A

£1 0s 0d

(£1)

 

90

Awaiting Image

 Tea cup

---

N/A

5s 6d

(28p)

 

91

Awaiting Image

 Tea saucer

---

N/A

4s 6d

(23p)

 

92

Awaiting Image

 Tea plate, engraved

---

N/A

7s 6d

(38p)

 

 

Sets

 

Set

Made up of

1952 Price

 Four egg bakers on a plate

 1 and 6

£1 0s 0d

(£1)

 Cruet

 13, 14 and 15

12s 6d

(63p)

 Two coffee jugs and six mugs and plates

 42, 49 and 83

£3 7s 0d

(3.35p)

 Wine bottle and 6 cups

 44 and 45

£2 2s 0d

(2.10p)

Wine bottle and 6 cups on oak tray

 44, 45 and a tray

£3 3s 6d

(£3.18p)

 Soup jug and six lidded bowls

 50 and 54

£2 8s 6d

(£2.43p)

 Tall jug and six mugs

 59 and 60

£5 0s 0d

(£5)

 Celadon tea set

 85, 86, 87, 88 x 2, 89, 90 x 6, 91 x 6, 92 x 6

£10.0s 0d

(£10)

 

 

 

Acknowledgements
  •  David Binch - www.oakwoodceramics.co.uk - 8, 13, 14, 15 and 19

  •  Roger Tomkinson - Tremayne Applied Arts, St. Ives - 1946 catalogue, photocopy images

  •  Marie Yates - www.marieyates.org..uk - 32

  •  Paul Rice - 1952 catalogue prices, 4, 22, 24, 26, 55

  • Jim Sanctuary - 85

 

2008 Relative Value

 

My calculations are based on the average weekly wage of an agricultural labourer in 1946 (£4 12s 2½ d) compared with the 2008 minumum wage of £5.50 an hour for 40 hours. If anyone knows of a better way of calculating price inflation please let me know! This gives multiplier of around 48x.

 

A look through some 1946 newspapers at my local library revealed the following prices which may offer a better comparison:

  •  Newspaper - 3d

  •  A night at the theatre - 2s 6d

  •  Bottle of sherry - 5s 9d

  •  Mintons white china tea set - £2 15s 8d

  •  Brooke Bond Dividend tea - 1s 7d for a ½lb